did swahili originated from indian languages?
Posted 09 June 2003 - 05:16 AM
Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskrit and Hindu
didn't malay and javanese languages originated from the indian ones as well? i see similarites.
Posted 09 June 2003 - 11:10 AM
Posted 09 June 2003 - 11:15 AM
But the vocabulary of Swahili has a large number of foreign origin words. Most from Arabic (some say 40%, I think) but also from Persian (Iran), Portuguese (a few words), English and even German (words like 'shule' for school). I don't think Indian-origin words make up a large percentage of the vocabulary.
Posted 09 June 2003 - 02:45 PM
Being doing research not just being Tanzanian, but all to know the core relations among languages in world.
Well, Here is waht I did find.
Swahili (also Kiswahili) is an agglutinative language .An agglutinative language is a language in which the words are formed by gluing morphemes together. This term was introduced by Wilhelm von Humboldt 1836 to classify languages from a morphological point of view. Agglutinative languages are the most common form of polysynthetic language, and are usually highly inflected. The name was derived from the Latin verb agglutinare, which means "to glue together".
The opposite of a polysynthetic language is an analytic, or isolating language. Polysynthetic languages which are not agglutinative are called fusional languages; they combine morphemes by "squeezing" them together, often changing the morphemes drastically in the process.
It is worth noting that in common usage, "agglutinative" is often used as a synonym for polysynthetic, although it technically is not. When used in this way, the word embraces fusional languages and inflected languages in general. It is also worth noting that the distinction between an agglutinative and a fusional language is often not a sharp one. Rather one should think of these as two ends of a continuum, with various languages falling more toward one end or the other.
Examples of agglutinative languages are Hungarian, Esperanto, Finnish, Japanese, Swahili, Turkish, German and Inuktitut. )
Swahil widely spoken in East Africa. It originated between 1500 and 1600 as a auxiliary language for the traders of the east African coast and the Middle East, particularly Oman. Swahili is the mother tongue for many inhabitants of the central east African coast (particularly in Zanzibar, Mombasa, Pemba and Lamu), and it is a lingua franca for up to 50 million others
The traditional centre of the language is Zanzibar, and Swahili is an official language of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. The Swahili spoken in Nairobi incorporates significantly more English loanwords than that spoken on the coast, and in Tanzania Swahili is the most widely used language. The language is also spoken in regions that border these three countries, such as far northern Malawi and Mozambique, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda, and southern Ethiopia. The Zanzibar dialect is known as Kiunguja.
While structurally and grammatically it is a member of the Bantu family of languages, its vocabulary reflects in part its origins as a language of traders. 20% or more of the vocabulary is directly adopted from Arabic (eg. kitabu for book). It is not a Semitic (i.e. Afro-Asiatic) language. A lesser percentage of the vocabulary is adopted from English, reflecting the colonial influence.
The most salient feature of its grammar is its division of nouns into a number of classes. Words beginning with m- whose plural changes it to wa- denote persons, e.g. mtoto 'child', plural watoto. The infinite of verbs begins with ku-, e.g. kusoma 'to read'. Other classes are harder to categorize. Singulars beginning ki- take plurals in vi-: this even applies to foreign words where the ki- is originally part of the root, not a prefix, so vitabu 'books'. This class also contains diminutives, and languages. Words beginning with u- are often abstract, with no plural, e.g. utoto 'childhood'.
Posted 09 June 2003 - 06:21 PM
If you know one agglutinative language think you could pick up on another agglutinative language easily. For example: if you know swahili think you could understand some Japanese?
What are fusional languages and inflected languages?
Posted 09 June 2003 - 07:14 PM
Posted 09 June 2003 - 08:22 PM
again what are fusional languages and inflected languages?
Posted 10 June 2003 - 02:42 AM
Posted 10 June 2003 - 02:53 AM
Some scholars believe that Swahili language goes back further in antiquity than that. In a greek document entitled the Periplus of the Eretreyans Sea,written by a unknown Greek sailor documents people in tanzania around 50 B.C. were using swahili to trade with Arab merchants.
The port was called Rhapta because of the sewn plank boats the natives made.
Posted 10 June 2003 - 07:53 AM
Posted 10 June 2003 - 07:56 AM
Posted 10 June 2003 - 08:08 AM
Posted 10 June 2003 - 11:29 AM
Posted 12 June 2003 - 04:37 AM
Posted 12 June 2003 - 11:01 AM
Also some other neighbour languages but those are probably just a few words. In street slang many words have foreign origin (eg. 'Mukide' for cool which I think is from Hindi) and sometimes they are words from smaller local languages.
Posted 12 June 2003 - 11:13 AM
On the Comores islands, people speak dialects from Swahili: Shingazidja (sometimes written Shindzwani), Shimaore (spoken in Mayotte, which is French territory even today). Their dialect is a bit hard to understand if you know Swahili, some words are really different.
There are also many Comorians in France (apparently mostly Marseille) and Madagascar.
Now on the web you can find a lot of nonsense about these dialects, some say it's one language 'Comorian', others say its a mixture of Swahili with Arabic. But Swahili in itself contains many Arabic words.
Posted 12 June 2003 - 05:55 PM
Posted 12 June 2003 - 10:54 PM
Posted 13 June 2003 - 02:44 AM
Posted 13 June 2003 - 07:33 AM
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